Train to Woy Woy and ferry to Davistown for lunch

Davistown is a small, peaceful, and picturesque Central Coast village. It can be accessed by train from Sydney to Woy Woy and then by ferry to the Davistown Central Wharf which is near the village shopping centre.

There is also a bus service from Gosford. The timetable is at:

Train services from Central to Woy Woy run every half hour. This is an Opal service, no bookings are required. The timetable for the train from Sydney Central to Woy Woy is at:

The most enjoyable and quickest way to Davistown is by ferry from Woy Woy. The ferry service runs seven days a week, but since you’re heading to Davistown for lunch, may I suggest either the 10.45 a.m. or the 12.30 p.m. service from the ferry wharf at Woy Woy. Both of these services run seven days a week. The wharf is a five-minute walk north of Woy Woy station.

The ferry service is run by Central Coast Ferries. Their timetable and fares are at:

Unfortunately, they don’t accept Opal cards, but have EFTPOS facilities on board and accept cash.

You’ll arrive at Davistown Central Wharf. The village of Davistown is across the reserve – a two-minute walk from the wharf. In the centre of Davistown is a cafe named The Little Teapot specialising in tea, cake and sandwiches. They also specialise in creating cosy spaces and have a pleasant outdoor dining area. If you enjoy high tea, this is the cafe for you.

If you’re looking for something more substantial and a glass of vino or cold beer, there’s the Davistown RSL. I can vouch for this club, they have excellent dining facilities and a great selection of lunches.

The club is about a kilometre or two from the wharf, but the club provides a free shuttle bus service to and from the wharf. All you need to do is tell the ferry captain, who also sells you your ticket, that you are heading to the club for lunch. He’ll then call the club, and the shuttle bus will be waiting at the wharf when you arrive. The ferry trip from Woy Woy to Davistown takes 25 minutes.

If you have lunch at the club, try to leave yourself an hour or a half at the waterfront to have a walk and look around before the ferry arrives to take you back to Woy Woy and train back to Sydney.

Enjoy your day on the Central Coast. Don’t forget to take your camera.

Seniors Card Travel: Tweed Heads or Byron Bay to Geelong for $14.40

To begin your journey to Dungog, catch the NSWTrainLink coach departing Tweed Heads at 05:15 or from Byron Bay at 05:53. A change from the coach to the XPT at Casino is required. You can find the timetable at

You’ll need to book this Tweed Heads or Byron for the Dungog section of the journey either online at or by calling 13 22 32. The ticket you need is a Country Pensioner Excursion (CPE) ticket. The cost will be $2.50. This ticket will take you all the way from Tweed Heads (or Byron) and anywhere in between to Dungog. When you call, have your Seniors card or Pensioner card and a credit or debit card ready to pay. You must make your booking seven or fewer days before departure as Country Pensioner Excursion (CPE) tickets are only available seven days or less before departure. It is essential to book your CPE tickets online or over the phone as CPE tickets cannot be purchased at railway stations or NSWTrainLink booking offices in and around the Sydney area, not even at Central Station, can they be purchased.

You arrive at Dungog at 16;38

Dungog to Hamilton

Once you arrive at Dungog you are inside the Opal card boundary. The Opal card reader is near the exit of Dungog station, tap on here. The train to Hamilton departs Dungog for Hamilton at 17:05.  The timetable for the service can be found at:

Hamilton to Sydney (Central)

Your scheduled arrival time in Hamilton is 18:26. Upon arrival, make sure to cross over to the other side of the line where Sydney trains depart. You can catch the next train to Sydney (Central) at 18:38. However, in case your train from Dungog is delayed, there are alternative services departing at 19:27 and 19:45. If you take the 18:34 train from Hamilton, you will reach Central at 21:29.

Your upcoming departure from Central Station is scheduled for 06:11 am the following morning. Luckily, the area has plenty of accommodation options, including several hotels and a Youth Hostel located just across the street from the station.

Sydney (Central) to Campbelltown

The journey starts aboard the 06:11 Opal train service from Central to Macarthur. You can find the timetable for this service at:

Campbelltown to Goulburn

Alight the train at Campbelltown (one stop before Macarthur) and board the coach bound for Goulburn. The timetable for the coach service can be found at:

The Campbelltown to Goulburn coach is a regular Opal service, so just tap on when you board the coach and tap off when you alight at Goulburn.

Goulburn to Albury

Upon your arrival at Goulburn railway station, you will have an hour and thirteen minutes to enjoy a quick cup of coffee before boarding the Melbourne-bound XPT train at 10:13. The train will arrive at Albury station at 15:10. The timetable for this service is available for your reference at:

You’ll need to book the Goulburn to Albury leg of the journey either online at or call NSW trainLink on 13 22 32. The ticket you need is a Country Pensioner Excursion (CPE) ticket. The cost will be $2.50. Have your Seniors card or Pensioner card and a credit or debit card ready to pay. To ensure a smooth trip, it’s advisable to book your train tickets seven days prior to your intended departure, particularly during public and school holidays when the train is in high demand.

Albury to Melbourne (Southern Cross)

The last leg of the journey to Melbourne is aboard a Victorian V/Line service which departs Albury at 17:20. You’re going to have a couple of hours to enjoy the sights of Albury. The main drag is just a block and a half from the station – a 5-minute walk.

You’ll need to book the Albury to Geelong leg of the trip, either by calling VLine on 1800 800 007 or booking online at:

The fare for Seniors (Concession) cardholders from Albury to Geelong is $4.60. You’ll arrive in Melbourne (Southern Cross) at 21:45. The timetable is at:

Melbourne to Geelong

With a 21:45 arrival at Southern Cross, the next train to Geelong is at 22:30 which will land you in Geelong at 23:32. The timetable is at:

Geelong to Tweed Heads

Click Here to get back to Tweed Heads or Byron Bay for $11.60.

A brief history of Mildura

Mildura is a city in the Sunraysia region of north-west Victoria, Australia. It is located on the banks of the Murray River, about 530 kilometres north-west of Melbourne. The city has a population of about 78,000 people.

Mildura was first settled by Aboriginal people for thousands of years before European arrival. The first European to visit the area was explorer Hamilton Hume in 1829. In 1847, pastoralist Frank Jenkin took up land in the area and named it Irymple. The name Mildura was adopted in 1858.

In 1886, Canadian-American irrigation engineers George and William Chaffey arrived in Mildura and established an irrigation colony. The Chaffeys’ irrigation scheme was a success, and Mildura quickly became a major agricultural and horticultural centre. The city also became a popular tourist destination, known for its mild climate, lush gardens, and wineries.

Mildura has a rich history and culture, and there are many historical places to visit in the city. Here are a few suggestions:

Historical Places to Visit in Mildura

  • Mildura Arts Centre and Rio Vista Homestead: This complex houses an art gallery, a theatre, and a historic homestead. The homestead was built in 1889 by the Chaffey brothers, who were responsible for irrigating the Mildura region.
    Mildura Arts Centre and Rio Vista Homestead in Mildura

  • Kow Plains Homestead: This homestead was built in 1866 and is one of the oldest buildings in the Mildura region. It is now a museum that tells the story of the early settlers of the area.
    Kow Plains Homestead in Mildura

  • Lock 11: This lock was built in 1907 and is one of the most important structures in the Mildura irrigation system. It controls the flow of water from the Murray River into the Mildura system.
    Lock 11 in Mildura

  • Mildura Visitor Information Centre: This center is a great place to start your exploration of Mildura. It has exhibits on the history of the city and the region, and staff can help you plan your itinerary.
    Mildura Visitor Information Centre in Mildura

  • Mildura Botanical Gardens: These gardens are home to a wide variety of plants from around the world. They are a great place to relax and enjoy the outdoors.
    Mildura Botanical Gardens in Mildura

  • The Langtree Hall Museum: This museum tells the story of the Sunraysia region, from its Aboriginal heritage to its modern-day wine industry.
    The Langtree Hall Museum in Mildura

  • Mildura Holden Motor Museum: The museum houses a magnificent display of 30 to 35 Holden vehicles, starting from the first model made to current models.
    Mildura Holden Motor Museum


Best credit card for car rental excess cover


In Australia, when you’re looking for a rental car, it’s crucial to understand the ins and outs of insurance coverage. Typically, the base price of a car rental already includes basic protection known as a collision damage waiver (CDW) or loss damage waiver (LDW). However, keep in mind that these policies come with a deductible or excess that you’re responsible for if any damage or loss occurs. Picture this: you cause $5,000 in damages, but you’re only on the hook for $4,000.

Now, let’s fast forward to the moment you grab those rental car keys from the counter. The rental company employee kindly reminds you of the lofty deductible, which can skyrocket up to a staggering $4,000 or even higher. As if that’s not enough, they then propose an additional insurance option to shrink that deductible down to a more manageable amount, usually around $500 or less. But hold your horses, my frugal friend, because this extra coverage can put a sizable dent in your wallet, often quoting between $25 and $30 per day. Ouch! In some cases, it can gobble up nearly half of your car rental cost.

There’s a solution to this dilemma. Enter the world of credit cards, where some generous souls offer complimentary car rental excess insurance. One such shiny gem is the American Express Platinum Card, but beware—it demands a hefty annual fee of around $1400. However, worry not, for the quest for a more affordable alternative has led us to the Qantas Premier Everyday Card. With a mere $49 annual fee, it offers coverage for a $500 excess on domestic claims up to $3,000, or $4,000 on international claims. Again, picture this: you cause $3,000 or more in damages, but you’re only on the hook for $500.

By wielding the mighty Qantas Premier Everyday Card to pay for your rental car, you can boldly reject the rental company’s extravagant excess offerings and rely on the credit card’s insurance instead. But heed my advice: carefully pore over the terms and conditions of the credit card’s rental car coverage. Unearth any sneaky exclusions, limitations, or eligibility requirements lurking in the fine print. Remember, coverage particulars may vary depending on the country and type of rental vehicle. When in doubt, get in touch with the credit card issuer directly to confirm the nitty-gritty details before revving that rental car’s engine.

Stay safe out there, and may your journeys be filled with smooth roads and hassle-free adventures.

Disclaimer: The content of this page is not intended to constitute legal or financial advice. Kerry Whitfield is not a licensed financial advisor. The opinions expressed on this page, along with the topics discussed and ideas presented, are solely the views of Kerry Whitfield and are provided for entertainment purposes only. The information presented should not be interpreted as financial or legal advice. It is always recommended to conduct your own research and seek professional advice before making any financial decisions.

A brief history of Echuca/Moama

Echuca and Moama are twin towns located on either side of the Murray River in Victoria, Australia, and New South Wales, Australia, respectively. Here is a brief history of Echuca/Moama along with some references for further reading:

  1. Indigenous History: The area around Echuca and Moama has a rich indigenous history, with the Yorta Yorta and Barapa Barapa peoples being the traditional custodians of the land for thousands of years. They had a deep connection to the Murray River and the surrounding environment.
  2. European Settlement: European settlement in the Echuca/Moama area began in the early 1800s when explorers and pastoralists arrived. Echuca itself was established as a settlement in 1854, initially known as Hopwood’s Ferry. The town of Moama, located across the river, was established soon after.
  3. Paddle Steamers and River Trade: In the mid-19th century, Echuca and Moama became major inland ports and trading centers due to the rise of paddle steamers. These steam-powered boats transported goods and passengers along the Murray River, connecting the towns with other towns and cities in the region. Echuca and Moama played a significant role in the river trade, particularly in the transportation of wool, timber, and agricultural products.
  4. Wharf and Railway Development: The Echuca Wharf, constructed in 1865, became a bustling hub of activity, with paddle steamers docking to load and unload goods. The arrival of the railway in Echuca in 1864 further boosted the town’s importance as transport and trade hubs.
  5. Decline and Revitalization: With the advent of railroads and the decline of paddle steamers, Echuca and Moama’s significance as river ports diminished in the early 20th century. The ports fell into disuse, and the towns experienced a period of economic decline. However, in the 1970s, the historical value of Echuca and Moama was recognized, and efforts were made to preserve and restore the towns’ heritage buildings and paddle steamers, leading to a revitalization of tourism in the area.

For more detailed information about the history of Echuca and Moama, you can refer to the following references:

  1. “Echuca-Moama – Historical Overview” – Murray River Paddlesteamers: Provides a concise overview of the history of Echuca and Moama, including the paddle steamer era. Available at:
  2. “Echuca” – Visit Victoria: Offers a brief history of Echuca, highlighting its role as a river port and its heritage significance. Available at:
  3. “Moama” – Visit NSW: Provides information on the history of Moama, including its early European settlement and river trade. Available at:

Please note that the availability and content of external websites may change over time.

A brief history of Griffith

Located in the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area of New South Wales, Australia. Griffith is known for its significant role in the development of the Australian wine industry. Here is an overview of the history of Griffith:

  1. Irrigation Settlement: The history of Griffith dates back to the early 20th century when the area was selected as a site for irrigation development. The Australian government established the Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area in 1912 to support agricultural settlement and increase food production.
  2. Italian Influence: Griffith has a strong Italian heritage that dates back to its early days. Italian immigrants, mostly from the Sicilian region, played a pivotal role in the development of the area. They brought their agricultural knowledge and expertise, particularly in vine cultivation and winemaking.
  3. Town Establishment: Griffith was officially established in 1916 and named after Sir Arthur Griffith, the first New South Wales minister of Public Works. The town’s layout was based on a radial design, which provided equal access to services and facilities for all residents.
  4. Wine Industry: The introduction of irrigation in the region was a turning point for the establishment of vineyards and the wine industry in Griffith. Italian settlers, along with other farmers, began cultivating grapes and producing wine. Griffith quickly became a major centre for wine production and played a significant role in the growth of the Australian wine industry.
  5. World War II Internment Camp: During World War II, Griffith was the site of an internment camp for Italian and Japanese civilians and prisoners of war. The camp, known as the Hay Internment Camp No. 7, housed thousands of internees between 1941 and 1946.
  6. Post-War Growth: After World War II, Griffith experienced rapid growth as migrants, including Italians, Greeks, and Yugoslavs, settled in the area. They contributed to the expansion of the agricultural sector, particularly in the cultivation of grapes, citrus fruits, and vegetables.
  7. Diversification and Cultural Mosaic: Over the years, Griffith has diversified its agricultural activities beyond wine production. It has become known for its production of citrus fruits, olives, rice, and various other crops. The city is also renowned for its multicultural community, with a rich tapestry of cultural influences, including Italian, Greek, Lebanese, and Indigenous Australian heritage.

Today, Griffith remains a thriving regional centre with a strong agricultural base and a growing reputation as a wine destination. Its history, heritage, and multicultural influences contribute to the vibrant and diverse character of the city.


  1. Visit Griffith:
  2. Griffith City Council – History:
  3. Griffith – Our History:
  4. Australian Wine Research Institute:

A brief history of Lightning Ridge

The history of Lightning Ridge in New South Wales, Australia, is characterized by the discovery of opals, the development of an opal mining industry, and the growth of a unique and multicultural community. Here is an overview of the history of Lightning Ridge:

  1. Indigenous History: The Lightning Ridge area has a rich indigenous history, with the Ngemba and Yuwaalaraay peoples being the traditional custodians of the land for thousands of years. They had a deep connection to the land and its resources.
  2. European Settlement: European exploration and settlement in the area began in the late 19th century. The first European to explore the region was George Hardwicke, who arrived in the late 1860s. Pastoralists followed, seeking land for grazing their livestock.
  3. Opal Discovery: Lightning Ridge became known for its opals following the discovery of precious opal in 1902. Charles Nettleton, a boundary rider, found opal on the Malaluka property. This discovery led to a rush of miners, and the opal mining industry began to develop.
  4. Town Establishment: The Lightning Ridge township was officially established in 1905, initially named “Hungry Hill.” It was later renamed Lightning Ridge due to the frequent lightning strikes in the area. The town quickly grew as miners and settlers arrived, attracted by the opal boom.
  5. Challenges and Growth: Lightning Ridge faced several challenges in its early years. Water scarcity was a significant issue, leading to the establishment of water boreholes and artesian wells. The harsh living conditions, including extreme temperatures and isolation, made life difficult for the early residents. Despite these challenges, the opal industry continued to thrive, attracting miners from around the world.
  6. Multicultural Community: Lightning Ridge has a unique multicultural character due to its diverse population. People from various backgrounds and nationalities, including Europeans, Indigenous Australians, and immigrants from Europe, Asia, and the Middle East, settled in the area to participate in the opal industry. This diverse mix of cultures has shaped the town’s vibrant and inclusive community.
  7. Opal Mining Heritage: Lightning Ridge is renowned for producing black opals, which are highly valued for their vibrant play-of-colour. The town’s opal mining heritage is preserved and celebrated, with many mining-related attractions, museums, and festivals showcasing the history and significance of opal mining in the region.

Today, Lightning Ridge continues to be a significant opal mining town, attracting tourists, artists, and opal enthusiasts from around the world. Its unique cultural heritage, natural beauty, and allure of precious opals contribute to its ongoing popularity.


  1. Lightning Ridge Opal Festival:
  2. Australian Opal Centre:
  3. Visit NSW – Lightning Ridge:
  4. Lightning Ridge Information:

Continue reading

Central Mine Electric Power Plant, Broken Hill Dated: by 11/05/1908

A brief history of mining in Broken Hill

The history of mining in Broken Hill is a remarkable story of discovery, perseverance, and the development of one of the world’s richest mineral deposits. Here is an overview of the history of mining in Broken Hill:

  1. Discovery and Early Years:
    • In 1883, Charles Rasp, a boundary rider, discovered the rich silver-lead-zinc ore deposits in Broken Hill. Rasp and his partners formed the syndicate that eventually became the Broken Hill Proprietary Company (BHP).
    • The mining operations started in the late 1880s, with miners working under challenging conditions to extract the valuable minerals from the ore bodies.
  2. Growth and Expansion:
    • The early 1900s saw a rapid growth of mining activities in Broken Hill. Several mines were developed along the Line of Lode (the Line of Lode is one of the world’s largest bodies of ore, containing the silver, lead and zinc), including the famous mines like the Central, South, and North mines.
    • As mining operations expanded, more advanced machinery and techniques were introduced to increase production and efficiency.
  3. Labor Movement and Industrial Struggles:
    • The mining industry in Broken Hill saw the rise of strong labor movements and trade unions. The Amalgamated Miners’ Association (AMA) was formed to protect the rights and interests of the workers.
    • Industrial struggles and strikes occurred in the early 20th century, as miners fought for better working conditions, fair wages, and improved safety measures.
  4. Technological Advancements:
    • The mining industry in Broken Hill witnessed significant technological advancements. In the early days, mining was done manually, but over time, machinery and equipment such as mechanical hoists, drills, and ore crushers were introduced to streamline operations and increase productivity.
  5. Diversification and Legacy:
    • While silver, lead, and zinc were the primary minerals mined in Broken Hill, mining activities diversified over the years to include other minerals such as copper, gold, and iron ore.
    • The legacy of mining in Broken Hill is immense. It has contributed to the growth of the town, the development of infrastructure, and the establishment of a mining heritage that is celebrated today.


  1. “Broken Hill – A Journey Through Time” by Barbara Mullins
  2. “Broken Hill Heritage Walk” by Broken Hill City Council
  3. “Broken Hill: Its Rise, Progress, and Development” by George Dale
  4. “The Line of Lode: A History of the Mining Industry in Broken Hill” by Ronald T. Carrington

These references provide in-depth information on the history of mining in Broken Hill and offer further insights into the remarkable journey of the mining industry in the region.

Art galleries in Broken Hill

Here is a comprehensive list of art galleries in Broken Hill, along with information about each gallery and their respective website links:

  1. Broken Hill Regional Art Gallery:
    • The Broken Hill Regional Art Gallery is a prominent cultural institution in Broken Hill, showcasing a collection of over 2,000 artworks. It features works by local, national, and international artists.
    • Website: Broken Hill Regional Art Gallery
  2. Pro Hart Gallery:
    • The Pro Hart Gallery is dedicated to the renowned Australian artist Pro Hart. It displays a collection of his paintings, sculptures, and memorabilia, along with works by other local artists.
    • Website: Pro Hart Gallery
  3. Outback Arts Gallery:
    • The Outback Arts Gallery is a community-driven gallery that supports and promotes local artists and artisans in the region. It exhibits a diverse range of art forms and hosts regular exhibitions.
    • Website: Outback Arts Gallery
  4. Silver City Mint and Art Centre:
    • The Silver City Mint and Art Centre combines a gallery, museum, and a working mint. It features artworks by local artists and offers unique displays related to the history and heritage of Broken Hill.
    • Website: Silver City Mint and Art Centre
  5. Desert Equinox Art Gallery:
    • The Desert Equinox Art Gallery showcases contemporary and traditional Indigenous artwork, including paintings, sculptures, ceramics, and jewelry.
    • Website: Desert Equinox Art Gallery

Please note that opening hours and exhibition schedules may vary, so it’s advisable to check the websites or contact the galleries directly for the most up-to-date information.

Seniors Card Travel: Geelong to Tweed Heads for $11.60

With the new regional fare cap in Victoria, along with the NSW TrainLink Country Pensioner Excursion (CPE) and the NSW Seniors Opal card, the cost of a train trip from Geelong to Tweed Heads for seniors is now down to as low as $11.60.

To get this reduced fare you’ll need to change trains seven times. A regular Seniors fare from Geelong to Tweed Heads would cost over $100, but you’d only need to change trains three times.

The $11.60 trip takes two nights and a day. You can break the journey anywhere along the line, costing you around $2.50 extra. The regular $100 fare takes one night and one day.

The $11.60 trip is for a Monday to Thursday departure.

For ease in getting your bookings on the XPT section of the trip, try to avoid the peak holiday periods.

Geelong to Albury

The first thing to do is purchase a seniors ticket from Geelong to Albury. If you’re starting your journey from Melbourne or any other location in regional Victoria, your destination is Albury. No matter where you’re travelling from in Victoria your ticket should cost you just $4.60.

When purchasing your ticket, make sure you ask for Geelong to Albury and not Geelong to Melbourne and Melbourne to Albury. If you ask for two separate tickets you’ll be charged $9.20 instead of $4.60

The train/s you’ll need to buy a ticket for and book a seat on are the 16:10 from Geelong to Melbourne (Southern Cross) and the 18:02 from Melbourne (Southern Cross) to Albury.

You can purchase your tickets online at:

Albury to Goulburn aboard the XPT

You’ll arrive in Albury at 21:58 and change trains to the Sydney bound XPT which departs Albury at 23:05. You’ll then arrive in Goulburn at 04:13. If you’re arriving in Goulburn in the middle of winter, never fear, the waiting room at the station at Goulburn is heated.

You can find the timetable for the Albury to Goulburn journey at:

You’ll need to book the Albury to Goulburn leg of the journey either online at or call on 13 22 32. The ticket you need is a Country Pensioner Excursion (CPE) ticket. The cost will be $2.50. This ticket will take you all the way from Albury to Goulburn. When you call, have your Seniors card or Pensioner card and a credit or debit card ready to pay. You must make your booking seven or fewer days before departure as Country Pensioner Excursion (CPE) tickets are only available seven days or less before departure. It is essential to book your CPE tickets online or over the phone as CPE tickets cannot be purchased at railway stations or NSWTrainLink booking offices in and around the Sydney area, not even at Central Station, can they be purchased.

Goulburn to Sydney

Once you step off the train at Goulburn you’ll be in Opal card country. No reservations are required, just remember to tap on before boarding and tap off when you alight. Once you tap on at Goulburn, your Seniors Opal card will take you all the way to Dungog for just $2.50.

Your next train departs Goulburn for Sydney (Central) at 05:30 and you’ll arrive at Central at 08:47.

Sydney, Central to Dungog

You’ll have an hour and a half here at Central for breakfast, then board the 11:15 to Newcastle train. The timetable is at:

You’ll arrive at Newcastle at 13:51. Change here for the 15:25 service to Dungog. You’ll arrive in Dungog at 16:45. The timetable for the service can be found at:

Once you arrive at Dungog, don’t forget to tap off using your Opal card.

Dungog, NSW Image by Tim KeeganCC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Dungog to Tweed Heads

The next leg of the journey is aboard the XPT through to Casino. At Casino, you’ll change to a coach to Tweed Heads. The full timetable for this leg of the trip is at:

The XPT leaves Dungog at 18:11 and along with a change to a coach at Casion, you’ll arrive at Tweed Heads at 05:48.

Tweed Heads to Geelong

Click Here to travel from Tweed Heads to Geelong for $11.40.

Happy travels.

Social media & sharing icons powered by UltimatelySocial